WHAT | The Title IX Amendment
WHEN | June 23, 1972
WHERE | USA
WHY YOU SHOULD KNOW WHAT IT IS | Title IX of the education amendments prohibits federally funded educational institutions from discriminating against students or employees based on sex. The amendment begins: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." As a result, any school that receives federal money, from the elementary to university level, must provide fair and equal treatment of the sexes in ALL areas, including athletics. Before Title IX, few opportunities existed for female athletes. According to the NCAA (The National Collegiate Athletic Association), in 1972 there were just 30,000 women participating in sports, as opposed to 170,000 men. Title IX was designed to correct those sorts of imbalances, and female participation in sports has since grown exponentially. In high school, the number of girl athletes has increased from just 295,000 in 1972 to more than 2.6 million.
Most importantly however, is that Title IX covers many areas besides athletics. It also covers issues of Access to Higher Education, Career Education, Employment, Math and Science, Standardized Testing, Education for Pregnant and Parenting Students, Learning Environments, Sexual Harassment, and Technology.